Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES AND INFORMATICS (IJMSI)   JANUARY-MARCH 2017 , Volume 10 , Number 4; Page(s) 337 To 342.
 
Paper:  ASSOCIATION BETWEEN NUTRITIONAL STATUS WITH SPONTANEOUS ABORTION
 
Author(s):  AHMADI RAHIMEH, ZIAEI SAEIDEH*, PARSAY SOSAN
 
* DEPARTMENT OF MIDWIFERY AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH, FACULTY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TARBIAT MODARES UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Spontaneous abortion is the most common adverse pregnancy outcome. We aimed to investigate a possible link between nutrient deficiencies and the risk of spontaneous abortion.
Materials and Methods: This case-control study included the case group (n=331) experiencing a spontaneous abortion before 14 weeks of pregnancy and the control group (n=331) who were healthy pregnant women over 14 weeks of pregnancy. The participants filled out Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), in which they reported their frequency of consumption for a given serving of each food item during the past three months, on a daily, weekly or monthly basis. The reported frequency for each food item was converted to a daily intake. Then, consumption of nutrients was compared between the two groups.
Results: There are significant differences between the two groups regarding consumed servings/day of vegetables, bread and cereal, meat, poultry, fish, eggs, beans, fats, oils and dairy products (P=0.012, P<0.001, P=0.004, P<0.001, P=0.019, respectively). There are significant differences between the two groups in all micronutrient including folic acid, iron, vitamin C, vitamin B6, vitamin B12 and zinc (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Poor nutrientions may be correlated with increased risk of spontaneous abortion.

 
Keyword(s): ABORTION, NUTRITION, PREGNANCY